what is the best programming language for beginners?
Python is concise and seems to be a popular option. You want a language that doesn’t have too much boilerplate. At my institution, we use C# as our introductory programming language.
There are a few things here that need to be considered here, and most of the computer science programs have probably had a lot of discussion going on about this because there is no clear answer:
- You want your starter language to be fairly simple, meaning probably not object-oriented because this is a concept that needs some experience with programming. So languages such as Java or C# are a bit of an issue because you can’t really use them without OO. You can avoid it to big parts, though, or ignore some things initially, so these two are quite a good choice. We’ve had Java in our department for years as a starting language.
- Yet, if you want to leave out OO entirely, you need something different, which is why we recently switched back to C. It’s great for learning procedural programming but comes with its own set of challenges, such as manual memory management, which is usually quite confusing for beginners.
- Last but not least, you might want to change a language that’s forgiving of errors. Python has been mentioned above, and I believe it’s an apt choice, but since structuring is done with indentation, I have seen many struggling with it because errors that stem from this are sometimes hard to track.
There is only one language and this is C++98.
Just joking! I couldn’t resist commenting as a troll starting a flame war